LICEO DE APLICACIONES, SANTIAGO…
MANUEL GUTIERREZ PRESENTE!
Art history challenge: 9 paintings (6/9): Guernica (1937) by Pablo Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973)
Guernica has become a universal and powerful symbol warning humanity against the suffering and devastation of war. Moreover, the fact that there are no obvious references to the specific attack has contributed to making its message universal and timeless.
General consensus of historians:
- The shape and posture of the bodies express protest.
- Picasso uses black, white, and grey paint to set a somber mood and express pain and chaos.
- Flaming buildings and crumbling walls not only express the destruction of Guernica, but reflect the destructive power of civil war.
- The newspaper print used in the painting reflects how Picasso learned of the massacre.
- The light bulb in the painting represents the sun.
- The broken sword near the bottom of the painting symbolizes the defeat of the people at the hand of their tormentors.
Dora Maar, 1939